Zilbach stated, "An obvious and important, yet often overlooked reason for excluding children, particularly young children, in family therapy, is that they are children. They will not behave or speak like adults-they play and act as children do" p. Young children are unable to express themselves verbally and grasp abstract concepts and ideas.
In addition, they have difficulty responding to direct questions and are often restless, bored, and even disruptive in family therapy sessions Carr, ; Combrinck-Graham, ; Crane, ; Gil, Other reasons for exclusion involve family therapists themselves. Family therapists want to protect children from destructive adult arguments and complex situations.
Family therapists may be uncomfortable and unfamiliar with young children. In addition, therapists may have theoretical reasons for excluding young children from the therapeutic process. Some therapists have insisted that presenting problems involving children are actually projections of the parents. However, others have contended that therapy must include children if it is to be called family therapy. Gil stated that when family therapists exclude children, part of the family system remains unengaged. Nathan Ackerman and Virginia Satir, who are often designated as the father and mother of family therapy in the literature, included young children in family therapy.
Ackerman used humor to lower a family's resistance; Satir designed games for family members to play at home. Parents, children, and family therapists can all benefit from including young children in the therapeutic process. Parents, with the help of the therapist, can learn to "decode" the behaviors and communications of their children.
When parents learn to enter the world of their children, a deeper emotional connection is possible for children and parents. Children feel more understood and accepted.
Good art by children whose parents are divorced. LongTerm Treatment. Peters family drawing.
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Mothers family drawing. Mikies family drawing. Dead fish flushed down toilet. Toilet schedule. Figure 49A King Arthurs castle. Figure 49B Fierce dragon. Success no soiling.
Night flight pilot is a winner. Awoke to urinate. Problem beat forever. A good marriage and concern over son. Getting it together. Wants to see therapist alone. Increased selfesteem. Issues of Abandonment and Masked Depression. Hugh and Mother team. Jimmy and Sissie team.
Father and Ellen team. Father and Judy team. Mother and Ellen team. When the kids were young. Protectsjhe family. Need for counseling. Improved communication. Family dynamics. Empty in the center. Figure 93A Fathers family picture. Lonely and sad feelings. Therapist changes discard. Shares feelings. Helpless and guilty.
Father believes therapist can cure him.enter site
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Beliefs of therapists ability. Wishes to open up. Family storyline. Did not duck therapy. Fathers group art. Mothers farewell gift. Ellens farewell gift. Keep cool and take one step at a time. Wants more attention. Integrated into family. Family metaphor.
Helen Landgarten by April Bergstrom on Prezi
Additional Bibliography. Introduction to Family Art Psychotherapy. Family drawing. An angry bull. Powerful son. Mother nags. Angry Mondays.
Misses cat. Mock funeral.